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Limited Use Drinking Water Systems & Well Construction Activities

Florida Department of Health in St. Johns County Environmental Public Health Program

Limited Use Public Water Systems (public water systems which are not covered by the Safe Drinking Water Act) and multi-family water systems are regulated by the Florida Department of Health in St. Johns County (DOH-St. Johns). Our staff regularly inspects new construction and operation of Limited Use Public Water Systems and multi-family water systems within St. Johns County, Florida.

The construction of private and commercial wells is regulated by Chapter 62-532 and Chapter 40C-3 of the Florida Administrative Code. Beginning September 10, 2020 please contact the St. Johns River Water Management District regarding permits  for the construction, abandonment, and repair of wells at 904-448-7926.

Water Well Permitting Requirements in
St. Johns County (PDF, <1MB)

For more information on wells, please visit the Florida Department of Health Drinking Water Website.

  • Is your well water, well?
  • Helpful Links

Arsenic

Q: WHERE DOES ARSENIC COME FROM?


A: There are both natural sources of arsenic and manmade sources. Arsenic
is a part of the earth’s crust and occurs naturally in soil and rock. Arsenic from soil and rock can dissolve into groundwater. Historic industrial activities can also add arsenic to groundwater. While arsenic is not in routine use today, it was once commonly used in some pesticides. Residues remain from past use and improper disposal.

Learn More: Arsenic in Well Water


Nitrate

Q: WHAT IS NITRATE?

A: Bacteria in nature can change nitrogen to nitrate. Nitrate is also found in fertilizers, human and animal waste and other chemicals like pesticides

Q: WHY IS NITRATE IN DRINKING WATER A CONCERN?

A: Newborn infants become ill if they drink water or formula made with water that has a high level of nitrate. This illness is known as ‘blue baby syndrome’ because the baby’s skin looks a bluish color. A baby with this condition needs immediate medical attention. However, very little danger of this illness exists for children who are six months of age or older.

Learn More: Nitrate in Well Water


Odor & Staining

Q: WHY DO I GET RED STAINING ON MY PLUMBING FIXTURES AND CLOTHES?

Q: WHY DOES MY WELL WATER SMELL LIKE EGGS?

Q: WHAT CAN I DO ABOUT IRON STAINING AND ODORS?

A: Hydrogen sulfide and sulfur bacteria in your water. Hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S) can occur in wells anywhere in Florida. It gives the water a characteristic “rotten egg” smell and can cause odor in clothes.

Learn More: Odor & Staining in Well Water

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